Reply To: OCU ISSO D Week 03 Lesson 11 Discussion

Marcena Davis

Week 3 Lesson 11:
There are many CyberSecurity issues. Of the top 15, choose 3 to explain in detail. In these explanations, discuss how these are important to a security officer and company.

Three of the top 15 cybersecurity issues that are crucial for security officers and companies to address are ransomware attacks, phishing scams, and insider threats.

1. Ransomware attacks: Ransomware is a type of malware that encrypts a victim’s files and demands payment in exchange for the decryption key. These attacks can be devastating for businesses, causing downtime, data loss, and reputational damage. Security officers must implement a robust backup strategy, train employees on how to identify and report suspicious emails or websites, and regularly update security software to prevent ransomware attacks.

2. Phishing scams: Phishing is a technique used by cybercriminals to trick individuals into revealing sensitive information such as login credentials or financial data. These attacks can occur via email, social media, or other communication channels. Security officers must educate employees on how to identify and report phishing attempts, implement strong access controls and authentication protocols, and use advanced threat detection solutions to prevent phishing attacks.

3. Insider threats: Insider threats are risks posed by employees or other authorized users who intentionally or unintentionally compromise the security of a company’s systems and data. These threats can include theft of confidential information, sabotage, or accidental data leaks. Security officers must implement strict access controls, monitor user activity, and conduct regular employee training to prevent insider threats.

These three cybersecurity issues are important for security officers and companies to address as they can cause significant harm to businesses if not adequately managed. By implementing best practices such as network segmentation, access controls, backup devices, and regular testing, security officers can reduce the risk of cyber-attacks and protect their organization’s assets.


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